If something related to the plumping system stops working, leaks or behaves abnormally,  you can either call a plumber or you can repair it yourself. You should be able to tell a valve, or a flapper apart but not everyone knows what plumbing terms are. This makes it a bit difficult to converse with a plumber or at the repair shop where you’d run to get the materials and tools to fix any issue in the plumbing system in your house. Well, here’s a list of 10 plumbing terminologies that you should be aware of.

1) Plumbing System

It encapsulates everything related to supply and distribution of water, fittings and fixtures, pipes and traps, as well as appliances and devices such as garbage disposal, water-treatment systems, and so on.

2) Sump Pump

A Sump Pump is a device that removes excess water buildup and resultant moisture build-up during flooding or structural damage. It collects the water via a drainage system to the sump basin and releases it in the sewer line or as programmed. A sump pump is usually fitted in the basement of any house and equipped with valves to sense increasing water levels.

3) Shut-off Valve

A Shut-off Valve is essentially a valve that cuts the flow of water from point A to B. You can find many shut-off valves in your house such as an emergency or master shut-off valve that will cut off water in either house. It could also be located in the kitchen, laundry room, or in a restroom to cut off the water locally.

4) PVC

PVC stands for Polyvinyl chloride and pipes made up of PVC are a common alternative to metal pipes. It can be used across vents, water, drainage, and the entire water system.

5) Flapper

A flapper valve allows for water to flow when it is open and otherwise, it is closed. It is a small rubber seal that prevents the flow of water when not needed. A flapper valve inside a cistern or tank of a toilet traps the water. It opens when you flush the toilet, allowing the water to flow from the tank to the bowl. There are a lot of avenues where flappers are used.

6) Fall/Flow

A fall/flow concerns the pitch of the piping system. It is recommended that for every foot the pipe travels horizontally, it should fall or pitch a quarter of an inch vertically. It is possible to get too much fall or too little of fall. Fall denotes the slope of a pipe and mainly connects pipes to drains and to the sewer lines.

7) Low Water Pressure

Low water pressure is essentially the reduced pressure of water due to clogging, corrosion, cracks, or leakages. It can hamper any plumbing system as you won’t have water pressure to carry out tasks such as flushing a toilet or watering the garden for instance.

8) Backflow

As the term suggests, backflow is the situation when water flows in reverse or opposite direction against its intended flow. This could occur due to a defect or leakage in the piping system.

9) Cistern

A cistern is a tank to store water intended to be used for flushing toilets or supplying taps. The tank over a western commode is an example of cistern.

10) Fracture

A fracture in the plumbing lexicon is a term used to denote a cracked or broken portion of fittings, fixtures, and plumbing pipes. There are many reasons for fracture of a pipe such as an extreme change in temperature, pressure, or clogging as well as wear and tear after prolonged usage.

11) P-Trap

A P-Trap can be found behind a toilet or under a sink. It holds some amount of water in a P-shaped section thereby trapping any unpleasant odour coming from backing into your house while permitting solids to pass.

There are a lot of plumbing terms to get familiar with. Plumbing is an elaborate system with a lot of moving parts. It comprises valves, pipes, joints, traps, fixtures, fittings, and others and each has a term as well as slang that is based on the region you live in.