What Is a Sump Pump? How Does It Work?

A sump pump collects the groundwater in the sump tank which is also known as a crock, pit, or basin. This pit is a basin that is naturally constructed where the hole is carved below the surface of your basement floor. It is equipped with valves that can sense the exceeding water pressure and water level. When water gets too high, it automatically pumps out the excess water away from the property by using a discharge line. This line is called effluent and connects the sump pump to the designated drainage area. This spring get your sump pump ready by understanding its benefits and uses.

Benefits Of Sump Pumps

– Prevent Flooding

Heavy rains cause water to accumulate around the base of the foundation. The sump pump comes in handy in cases of accumulation of water or when you experience flood-like situations in your basement.

– Reduce Mold Growth

Standing water leads to mold growth and this can be very harmful to your health and house. Dry surroundings like your basement can keep the mold from growing.

– Prevent Fires

Water that enters your basement can cause appliances to short-circuit leading to an electrical fire. A sump pump pumps out the excess water in your basement and further, prevents the short-circuit.

– Inexpensive

Sump pumps are relatively inexpensive, seldom require repair, and last for about 15-30 years.

Tips to Ensure Your Sump Pump is Ready For Spring

Remove Debris

Check around the sump pump for any debris that can be sucked up into the pump. The debris includes gravel, mud, or stones. Consider removing the debris that has jammed in the pump as it will only prevent the sump pump from functioning. If it has clogged, you can clean the weep hole with a toothpick until it is clear.

Inspect The Check Valve

The check valve is located on the effluent- the discharge line of the sump pump. It keeps the water away from flowing back into the pit after the pump turns off. If the check valve malfunctions, the water in the discharge pipe falls back into the collection pit when the sump pump turns off, forcing it to restart.

To make sure the check valve is functioning efficiently, ensure the internal flap swings freely. If it seems stuck, flush it out with vinegar and water to remove the mineral deposits.

Test Out The Float Switch

A float switch helps a sump pump detect when the water limit in the basement has been crossed. If the float switch stops working, the sump pump will not be activated when it floods. To test it, you can pour a few gallons of water in the sump pump’s water collection pit. If it works efficiently, it will automatically remove the water and then turn itself off. If it fails, you should consider replacing the switch.

Clean The Inlet Screen

Check the inlet screen to make sure it is clear of debris. If it is blocked, then consider gently removing it from the pump and rinse with water until clear. A clogged screen causes your pump to work harder than needed, further leading to burning out the motor.

Check The Power

Consider inspecting the power cord to check for any damage and ensure the pump is plugged in. Use tape or zip ties if the cord looks tangled with the float, for securing it in a safe position.

Sump pumps are an extremely important appliance, necessary when your house experiences heavy water intake or flooding. They are not only advantageous in preventing flooding in your basements but also stop mildew and mold growth and keep your space dry.

By regularly maintaining your sump pump, you are ensured that it can reliably protect your home during springs. Get your sump pump ready this spring to avoid any home disaster. Contact Capital Plumbing today for installation or repairing of your sump pumps or any plumbing services.